Despite some claims to the contrary, the perception among tech companies is that the tech talent gap is getting worse.
Some of the problem stems from fast emerging fields where very few people possess expertise. Some of the problem is a simple lack of trained talent.
While that's bad news for businesses and large organizations, it's good news for the tech-minded job seeker. It means that, if you possess or can develop the necessary skills, you can lock down one of the most in demand tech jobs.
Let's jump in and look at some of those jobs.
Between data breaches, malware/viruses, and the potential for exploiting the Internet of Things, cybersecurity preoccupies most businesses these days. Cybersecurity is also a broad field with multiple potential jobs, such as:
- Cybersecurity engineer
- Penetration tester
- Information security analysts
- Information security forensics
- Chief information security officer
Depending on your position, you might analyze a system for evidence of a breach, develop security software, or look for vulnerabilities in a system. Curious about the kinds of cybersecurity threats out there?
You can learn more here.
2. Web Developer
A web developer is a specialized kind of computer programmer. They write code intended for use on websites. This can range from writing code for a WordPress theme to writing full-blown web applications, such as Basecamp or Podomatic.
Web developers fall into three main categories: front-end, back-end, and full stack developers.
Back-end developers work primarily on server-side programming. They handle programming for database queries or inter-server communication. They work with programming languages like Python, C++, and Java.
Full-stack developers can handle both front and back-end programming tasks.
3. Data Scientist
Remember all the excitement not so long back about big data? Well, the reality has set in for most businesses that they possess way more data than they can effectively use. Some of the trouble stems from the fact that
In brief, data scientists use a combo of programming skills, math, and pattern recognition to make sense of all that data. They discern macro and micro-trends, depending on the data source.
For example, a corporation might hire a data scientist to analyze customer information for shifts in brand perception or product preferences. You might also look into a competitor's projected financial or brand health.
4. AI/Machine Learning
On the list of emerging fields is AI/machine learning. It's only in the very recent past that the hardware made these fields viable.
Supervised machine learning is one approach to AI. It also requires vast sets of data and vast computational power. In essence, it analyzes all of that data to learn how to distinguish things from one another.
Unsupervised machine learning leans on algorithms that set parameters for finding the best solutions. The machine then processes vast amounts of data through many iterations. Eventually, a best or optimal solution emerges.
Moving into this field takes a strong background in computer engineering, algorithms, programming, distributed computing, and statistics
5. Cloud Engineer
It was standard operating procedure in the old days for companies to keep data and software on in-house servers. The rise of affordable, stable cloud computing changed all of that.
Now companies can store old data in the cloud at a fraction of the cost of maintaining a bank of in-house servers. They can host and access software from the cloud.
The cloud engineer, or engineers in bigger companies, handle a wide range of cloud-related work. They may design cloud-based software for in-house use or for customer use. They also handle monitor and maintain cloud systems.
6. Software Engineer
The term software engineer covers a lot of ground in terms of job duties. A software engineer functions as a high-end programmer.
They can design entire software systems to meet customer or business needs. They often write and test code in a variety of programming languages, such as C++, Perl, and Java. They must also understand development methodologies, including:
- Rapid Application Development
Software engineers also help maintain and improve existing software systems
7. Business Intelligence Analyst
A business intelligence analyst needs many of the same kinds of skills as a data scientist, but they perform a fundamentally different task. Data scientists generally work on predictions, such as projections about customer trust in a company.
A business intelligence analyst deals with data to arrive at current facts about the business.
For example, a BI analyst might write a report on sales data from a project set in motion a year ago. That information helps an executive decide whether the project should continue in the future.
You can think of a BI analyst as someone who helps a business understand where it's at right now, rather than where it may go over the next few years.
8. Systems Administrator
A systems administrator doesn't make headlines, but it's a crucial role in most big organizations. A sysadmin takes responsibility for a wide range of hardware and software.
For example, a sysadmin must maintain any in-house servers, including hardware upgrades and software upgrades. They monitor system performance. They ensure timely data backup and, if necessary, restoration.
They often play a role in information security by installing and monitoring intrusion detection software. They often handle internal documentation about the system. Depending on the organization, they may also assign user roles, and perform training on hardware or software.
Parting Thoughts on the Most In Demand Tech Jobs
The talent gap means that numerous positions now fall into the most in demand tech jobs category.
Almost any cybersecurity skills make you desirable to businesses. Web development specialists and software engineers will likely remain in demand for the foreseeable future.
The current rarity of AI/machine learning experts means those job often remain unfilled. The explosion in cloud computing makes cloud engineers a shoo-in at many companies.
Bid data makes data scientists and business intelligence analysts a virtual requirement for any larger organizations. Systems administrators don't get the limelight but few organizations can get by without one.
Just launching your tech career? Check out our post on breaking into the tech industry.